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B.S. - Criminal Justice Administration

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Criminal Justice Administration - Bachelor of Science Degree

124 Semester Hours

Fundamental General Education Core (24 hours)

English Composition

Choose a minimum of 3 semester hours from:

  • WRIT 120 - COLLEGE WRITING (4)

    WRIT 120

    COLLEGE WRITING

    Course Description

    In this course, students acquire the writing competence necessary for conducting and presenting research. A variety of assignments, beginning with personal reflections, build upon one another, as students develop ideas that respond to, critique, and synthesize the positions of others. Students systematize and organize knowledge in ways that will help them in all of their courses. The course also emphasizes the elements of good writing style, appropriate grammar and mechanics, clarity of language, and logical and cohesive development. It culminates in submission of a documented research paper.
Mathematics

Choose a minimum of three semester hours from*:

  • MATH 160 - COLLEGE ALGEBRA (4)

    MATH 160

    COLLEGE ALGEBRA

    Course Description

    This course is designed to prepare students for Applied Calculus and Discrete Mathematics and to provide the mathematical background needed for the analytic reasoning used in other courses. Topics include functions and their graphs, including exponential and logarithmic functions; complex numbers; systems of equations and inequalities; matrices; basic principles of counting and probability; and other selected topics.
  • MATH 180 - APPLIED CALCULUS (4)

    MATH 180

    APPLIED CALCULUS

    Course Description

    This course is designed to meet the needs of the Computer Science Program. Topics include limits, the derivative, rules for differentiation, graphing strategy, optimization problems, differentials, implicit differentiation, related rates, exponential and logarithmic functions, antiderivatives, definite integrals, areas, and methods of integration. Applications are emphasized.
  • MATH 210 - FINITE MATHEMATICS (4)

    MATH 210

    FINITE MATHEMATICS

    Course Description

    This course includes such topics as matrices, solutions of simultaneous linear equations using matrix methods, graphic and simplex solutions to linear programming problems, set theory, counting problems (including permutations and combinations), probability theory (including Bayes' theorem), Markov chains, and the mathematics of finance. Game theory may be discussed if time permits. Applications in business, economics, and management are emphasized.
  • MATH 215 - STATISTICAL CONCEPTS (4)

    MATH 215

    STATISTICAL CONCEPTS

    Course Description

    This course introduces the student to statistics with business applications. The course covers both descriptive and inferential statistics. Topics included are: measures of central tendency; measures of dispersion; graphical displays of data; linear regression; basic probability concepts; binomial and normal probability distributions; confidence intervals; and hypothesis testing. These topics will be covered using a basic knowledge of algebra and Microsoft Excel.
  • MATH 220 - BUSINESS CALCULUS (4)

    MATH 220

    BUSINESS CALCULUS

    Course Description

    This course may not be taken by students who previously received calculus credit. Topics include limits, the derivative, rules for differentiation, graphing strategy, optimization problems, differentials, implicit differentiation, related rates, exponential and logarithmic functions, antiderivatives, definite integrals, areas, and methods of integration. Applications in business, economics, and management are emphasized. This course should be taken as soon as possible after acquiring the necessary algebra skills and concepts, preferably within the first 60 hours of any degree program.
Sciences

Choose a minimum of 6 semester hours from:

  • SCIE 210 - UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE: PRINCIPLES, PRACTICE, & THEORY (2)

    SCIE 210

    UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE: PRINCIPLES, PRACTICE, & THEORY

    Course Description

    Understanding Science: Principles, Practice & Theory is a two credit hour course that introduces students to the major themes, processes, and methods common to all scientific disciplines. Students will develop critical thinking skills necessary to analyze and evaluate all kinds of phenomena, scientific, pseudoscientific, and other. The focus is on the nature of science so students will develop an understanding of how science works and develop an appreciation for the process by which we gain scientific knowledge.
  • SCIE 211 - INTRODUCTION TO SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS & REASONING (4)

    SCIE 211

    INTRODUCTION TO SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS & REASONING

    Course Description

    Introduction to Scientific Analysis and Reasoning is a four credit hour course consisting of three credit hours of lecture and one credit hour of laboratory. This course is an introduction to critical thinking on statistical and scientific claims. The student will develop the critical thinking skills necessary to analyze and evaluate popular sources of (mis)information and to better understand and evaluate all sorts of scientific claims and arguments. The focus of the course is on students developing thoughtful and critical use of scientific information and research to be able to separate truth from deception and make decisions that affect their personal lives and roles as informed and engaged citizens.
Social and Behavioral Sciences

Choose a minimum of 6 semester hours from:

  • ECON 210 - INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS (4)

    ECON 210

    INTRODUCTION TO MICROECONOMICS

    Course Description

    An introduction to economic theory involving the examination of how decision making by firms and individuals is shaped by economic forces. Emphasis is placed on demand, supply, market equilibrium analysis, and basic market structure models. The invisible hand as the driving force for economic decisions as well as market externalities are discussed. The class concentrates on providing a balanced approach to studying economic agents' behavior and the global implications and outcomes.

    OR ECON 220 - INTRODUCTION TO MACROECONOMICS (4)

    ECON 220

    INTRODUCTION TO MACROECONOMICS

    Course Description

    An introduction to economic theory involving the basic underlying causes and principles of the operation of an economic system. Emphasis is placed on studying the economy as a whole. Issues of inflation, unemployment, taxation, business cycles and growth are discussed in the context of the global economic system.
  • Choose additional coursework from the Anthropology, Psychology, or Sociology disciplines.
Arts and Humanities

Choose a minimum of 6 semester hours from:

  • HUMN 211 - INTRO TO ETHICAL ANALYSIS AND REASONING (2)

    HUMN 211

    INTRO TO ETHICAL ANALYSIS AND REASONING

    Course Description

    The goal of this course is to help you improve your ethical analysis and reasoning skills. You will be introduced to the art of formulating and assessing ethical arguments according to the standards of logical thinking and critical analysis. In this course, you will discover how to apply the following questions to your job and everyday life. Why do we need ethics if we have laws to govern our behavior' Does the majority view determine what is ethical and what is not' Are feelings, desires, and preferences reliable ethical guides' Is it ever appropriate to criticize another individual's (or culture's) ethical judgment' Are people always responsible for their actions' Do human beings have a natural tendency to good, a natural tendency to evil' both' neither' Is there a single moral code that is binding on all people, at all times, and in all places'
  • Choose additional coursework from the Humanities discipline.
Learn More About General Education

Additional General Education Requirements (12 hours)

  • PF 321 - LEARNING STRATEGIES (2)

    PF 321

    LEARNING STRATEGIES

    Course Description

    This course prepares students to be successful lifelong learners both academically and in their chosen careers. Franklin courses require a high level of self-directed learning and focus on skills required in the workplace and the classroom that are easily transferable between the two environments. The course includes strategies for advancing communication skills, including the use of electronic tools to participate in virtual environments. The assignments and activities in the course are created to closely simulate teamwork found in the workplace.
  • SPCH 100 - SPEECH COMMUNICATION (4)

    SPCH 100

    SPEECH COMMUNICATION

    Course Description

    A basic public speaking course intended to improve the student's ability to think critically and to communicate orally. Theory and practice are provided in various speaking situations. Each student is required to speak before an audience, but class work also involves reading, gathering and organizing information, writing and listening.

    OR COMM 150 - INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION (4)

    COMM 150

    INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION

    Course Description

    By using applied critical and creative thinking, students in this course will develop a set of communication skills that will enhance their personal and professional relationships and endeavors. This course will focus on skill development in key areas such as self, perception, listening, verbal messages, conversations, relationships, conflict management, persuasion, and public speaking.
  • WRIT 220 - RESEARCH WRITING: EXPLORING PROFESSIONAL IDENTITIES (4)

    WRIT 220

    RESEARCH WRITING: EXPLORING PROFESSIONAL IDENTITIES

    Course Description

    This is an intermediate course focusing on the composition of research papers. Students in this course prepare to be active participants in professional discourse communities by examining and practicing the writing conventions associated with their own fields of study and work. By calling attention to the conventions of disciplinary writing, the course also prepares students for upper-division college writing and the special conventions of advanced academic discourse. Course activities include three extended research papers, semi-formal writing addressing interdisciplinary communication, and readings fostering critical engagement with disciplinary conversations.
  • General Education Electives (2)

Professional Core (16 hours)

  • CJAD 210 - INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION (4)

    CJAD 210

    INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION

    Course Description

    This is an introductory course designed to expose students to the various Major elements of the criminal justice system (police, courts, and corrections). Students will learn about the ways in which the various systems interact, the processing of offenders, the various forms of punishment and the alternatives to punishment. The future of the criminal justice system will also be discussed.
  • CJAD 240 - INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY (4)

    CJAD 240

    INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINOLOGY

    Course Description

    This course will focus on theories of crime and types of offending. Topics related the causation, control and prevention of criminal behavior will be addressed in this course.
  • CJAD 340 - EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE & RESEARCH METHODS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROFESSIONS (4)

    CJAD 340

    EVIDENCE BASED PRACTICE & RESEARCH METHODS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROFESSIONS

    Course Description

    This innovative approach to research describes best practices and data driven solutions in criminal justice research including quantitative, qualitative, and program evaluation research. Students will be good consumers of research and will have the fundamental knowledge necessary to evaluate research studies, evaluate their value toward their field of interest, and evaluate their usefulness for making sound decisions in the field.
  • PUAD 295 - AMERICAN GOVERNMENT IN ACTION (4)

    PUAD 295

    AMERICAN GOVERNMENT IN ACTION

    Course Description

    The course examines the American system of government and how government affects and interacts with individuals and organizations in society. Students learn how politics, law, and the structure and principles of American government impact citizens, public policy, and the administration of public and private organizations. Students apply fundamental political theories and administration law principles in personal and professional contexts.

University Electives (36 hours)

  • Any undergraduate courses offered by the University except developmental education courses.

Major Area (28 hours)

  • CJAD 310 - COURTS AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE (4)

    CJAD 310

    COURTS AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

    Course Description

    This course addresses the requirements for processing criminal offenders through the court system. Topics include structure of the court system in the U.S., evidentiary standards, constitutional protections, the role and importance of case law, and the role of the prosecutor and defense attorney in the courts.
  • CJAD 315 - POLICING IN AMERICA (4)

    CJAD 315

    POLICING IN AMERICA

    Course Description

    This course will provide the student with an overview of the philosophy and history of policing in America. Students will learn about personnel and management issues related to policing. Students will also be exposed to topics including police discretion, police use of force, civil liability, police culture, and the impact of the war on terrorism on police operations and practices.
  • CJAD 320 - CORRECTIONS IN AMERICA (4)

    CJAD 320

    CORRECTIONS IN AMERICA

    Course Description

    This course considers contemporary corrections in America. This course will include a review of recent corrections-related research and a discussion of the role corrections plays in the criminal justice system. Topics covered will include a historical overview of corrections in America, alternatives to incarceration, types and functions of various prison systems in corrections, and various categories of inmates within the corrections system.
  • CJAD 330 - JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY (4)

    CJAD 330

    JUVENILE JUSTICE AND DELINQUENCY

    Course Description

    This course will address the history of the U.S. juvenile justice system and the nature and extent of youth crime. It will focus on the correlates and theoretical perspectives used to explain juvenile delinquency all within a framework of current research and strategies used to prevent, treat, and control youth crime. Students will analyze and apply these concepts to the structure within which juveniles are taken into custody, treated, processed, rehabilitated or punished in an integrated and collaborative environment. Finally, students will examine basic criminal justice research methods and the role of science and inquiry in criminal justice.
  • CJAD 450 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION (4)

    CJAD 450

    CRIMINAL JUSTICE MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

    Course Description

    This course will examine the basic concepts of management and administration as applied to agencies in the criminal justice system. Emphasis will be placed on issues related to the effective management and administration of criminal justice agencies. Topics covered will include environmental influence; conflict, power, and ethical issues; motivation, leadership, and communication. The concept of the service quality approach will also be considered.
  • CJAD 455 - ETHICS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM (4)

    CJAD 455

    ETHICS IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

    Course Description

    This course will address the topics of ethical and moral values as they pertain to the criminal justice system. Topics covered will include ethics and the police, racial discrimination in the criminal justice system, the purpose of punishment, ethics in corrections, and the ethics of criminal justice policy making.
  • CJAD 495 - CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION CAPSTONE (4)

    CJAD 495

    CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION CAPSTONE

    Course Description

    The Criminal Justice Capstone will be the final course completed by students in the Criminal Justice Program. The capstone course will include a practicum that will allow students to apply the theories, principles and knowledge obtained throughout the criminal justice program to a real-life problem or project in a criminal justice agency. For students who may not be associated with a criminal justice agency; an alternative to the practicum will be a research project that identifies and examines a current criminal justice issue or problem. Students will complete a research paper with recommendations for addressing the identified problem. The recommendations will be based on the theories, principles and knowledge obtained throughout the criminal justice program. Prerequisites: Completion of all Professional Core Courses.

Major Electives (8 hours)

Select 8 hours from the following:

Corrections
  • CJAD 425 - PROBATION AND PAROLE (4)

    CJAD 425

    PROBATION AND PAROLE

    Course Description

    This course addresses the role of probation, parole and community corrections in the U.S. corrections system. Topics include management and supervision of a full range of intermediate alternatives to prison and jail including pretrial release, diversion, economic sanctions, probation, residential supervision, and other unique alternatives. Philosophies and theories of offender treatment and punishment will be analyzed within the context and application of public policy. Parole will be examined and various programs will be compared and contrasted in light of best evidence and economic policies in the U.S. A particular focus will be paid to successful reentry and wraparound programming. Risk assessment will be integrated throughout as a contemporary and data-driven means of individualized rehabilitative and treatment models that seek to lower recidivism and improve public safety.
  • CJAD 430 - JUVENILE CORRECTIONS (4)

    CJAD 430

    JUVENILE CORRECTIONS

    Course Description

    This course will present students with an introduction and history of juvenile corrections. More in-depth coverage will focus on contemporary sentencing and correctional strategies including alternative sanctions. Students will be exposed to treatment and rehabilitative programmatic trends both inside and outside secure institutions. Additional topics will include correctional staff training, risk assessment, and evaluative studies both quantitative and qualitative.
Homeland Security

Choose two from the following:

  • CJAD 360 - INTRODUCTION TO TERRORISM & INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS (4)

    CJAD 360

    INTRODUCTION TO TERRORISM & INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS

    Course Description

    This course examines intelligence analysis and its indispensable relationship to the management of terrorist attacks, man-made disasters and natural disasters. It also explores vulnerabilities of our national defense and private sectors, as well as the threats posed to these institutions by terrorists. Students will discuss substantive issues regarding intelligence support of homeland security measures implemented by the United States and explore how the intelligence community operates.
  • SEMT 335 - INTRODUCTION TO EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT & HOMELAND SECURITY (4)

    SEMT 335

    INTRODUCTION TO EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT & HOMELAND SECURITY

    Course Description

    This course analyzes emergency management from a historical perspective. Disaster planning and disaster management in the post 9-11 environment are analyzed. The impact of Homeland Security on local public safety agencies is examined as are selected Homeland Security Presidential Directives (HSPD #5 and HSPD #11 in particular). The National Incident Management System (NIMS) and the National Response Plan (NRP) are examined with regard to their impact on local public safety agencies. Finally, special challenges for emergency management and disaster response will be analyzed.
  • SEMT 432 - HOMELAND SECURITY - THEORY AND PRACTICE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL (4)

    SEMT 432

    HOMELAND SECURITY - THEORY AND PRACTICE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL

    Course Description

    This course will study the impact of Department of Homeland Security requirements on local public safety agencies. Focus will be on interoperability as it relates to planning and responding to terrorist threats or actions at the local level.
  • SEMT 450 - CRITICAL INCIDENT MANAGEMENT (4)

    SEMT 450

    CRITICAL INCIDENT MANAGEMENT

    Course Description

    The course will explore the NIMS, ICS, and other federally mandated systems in place for the management of critical incidents such as major fire scenes, major disasters, terrorist attacks, and other events that require a multi-agency response and recovery effort. The course discusses and evaluates the roles of high-level leadership in setting policy direction and planning as well as real-time management of the scene.
Law Enforcement
  • CJAD 360 - INTRODUCTION TO TERRORISM & INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS (4)

    CJAD 360

    INTRODUCTION TO TERRORISM & INTELLIGENCE ANALYSIS

    Course Description

    This course examines intelligence analysis and its indispensable relationship to the management of terrorist attacks, man-made disasters and natural disasters. It also explores vulnerabilities of our national defense and private sectors, as well as the threats posed to these institutions by terrorists. Students will discuss substantive issues regarding intelligence support of homeland security measures implemented by the United States and explore how the intelligence community operates.
  • CJAD 415 - CONTEMPORARY POLICING STRATEGIES AND ISSUES (4)

    CJAD 415

    CONTEMPORARY POLICING STRATEGIES AND ISSUES

    Course Description

    Students will review contemporary policing strategies to include: Community policing, Problem Oriented Policing and other strategies related to crime prevention and crime reduction. Students will also be exposed to current issues related to both the internal and external environments of police agencies. Issues related to police deviance and ethical issues will also be addressed.
Public Administration
  • PUAD 350 - ANALYSIS FOR PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT (4)

    PUAD 350

    ANALYSIS FOR PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT

    Course Description

    Students learn core concepts and techniques for analyzing and improving the programs, operations, and performance of government and nonprofit organizations. Students also examine the risks and benefits of undertaking performance improvement efforts within mission-driven organizations operating in political environments.
  • PUAD 420 - GOVERNMENT & NONPROFIT BUDGETING (4)

    PUAD 420

    GOVERNMENT & NONPROFIT BUDGETING

    Course Description

    Students learn fundamental budgeting, accounting, and financial management concepts and techniques necessary for planning, analysis, and decision making in government and nonprofit organizations. Students also examine the competing values and politics that underlie and impact the budget process and financial decisions. Finally, students apply skills for effectively communicating financial analysis methods and conclusions with colleagues, elected officials, the media, and the public.

Additional Requirements

  • All students are required to pass College Writing (WRIT 120), either Basic Learning Strategies (PF 121) or Learning Strategies (PF 321) and either Speech Communication (SPCH 100) or Interpersonal Communication (COMM 150) prior to enrolling in any other course at the 200 level or above. Either PF 121 or PF 321 must be taken prior to the first BLF course, or it may be taken concurrently with the first 15-week BLF course. Students who enroll at Franklin with 30 or fewer hours of transfer credit are required to pass Basic Learning Strategies (PF 121) in place of Learning Strategies (PF 321). Students must also meet the University algebra competency requirement.

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Please see the Academic Bulletin for the complete list of degree and residency requirements.

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